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Docks of Ris in Ris-Orangis

A project proposed by French Minitry of Ecological Transition

Buildings Design Sustainable economy Network Local life

Contributor

Specialist :  Thomas ZAMANSKY, Head of the Sustainable Operational Planning Office (Ministry of Ecological Transition)
Contact : 

thomas.zamansky@developpement-durable.gouv.fr

Description

Developped by Grand Paris Aménagement, the "Docks of Ris" project is based on the reconversion of an 18-hectare sector of industrial wasteland, mostly owned by the State, in the north of the town of Ris-Orangis and close to an RER station (Regional express network, line D). It is planned to build 1,000 dwellings, with a certain diversity allowing for real residential development within the municipality and a built density of around 100 dwellings per hectare. On the edge of the Seine, the project contributes to the enhancement of biodiversity through a real green network and the development of an 8-hectare park in a wooded area, including a lake.

Themes : 
  • Rénovation / Réhabilitation
  • Construction
  • Natural and aquatic environments, biodiversity
  • Economy of service functionality
  • Large water cycle
  • Energy
  • Strengthening of social links and of solidarity
Scale : 
  • District

Factsheet

marker  Paris Region / Ris-Orangis
Type of territory : 
  • > 20,000 < 100,000 inhabitants
Delivery date :  01/01/2018
Built-up surface area :  18 ha
Project cost :  € 20 million
Project manager :  Agence foncière et technique de la région parisienne (AFTRP)- Assistant project owner: Brochet Agency, Lajus, Pueyo B Agency - and Alter Development
Project owner :  LAVERNE Agency
Associated partners :  City of Ris-Orangis, Grand Paris Aménagement, Nexity, Promogim Bouwfonds Marignan, Evry Centre-Essonne urban community, etc.

Distinction

Labels / certifications :  BBC Label
Competitions / prizes :  EcoQuartier Label

Project evaluation*

based on contributor declaration

Criterion 1: SUFFICIENCY

The specificity of the site is to integrate nature into the heart of a neighbourhood of 900 dwellings that promote a social and generational mix of former industrial wastelands, by reusing the built heritage.

Limiting the production of waste and the use of non-renewable resources are also objectives supported by the project, and in particular by its construction. The environmental specifications booklet includes all the commitments made by the stakeholders involved to meet these objectives.

The buildings constructed meet the requirements of the “low consumption building” (BBC) label, enabling users to control their energy bills.

70% of the heating and hot water needs are covered by renewable energy thanks to a heating network based on geothermal and biomass resources.

The project preserves water resources through appropriate management of rainwater, thanks to an alternative system of collection, retention and infiltration into natural spaces. This system makes it possible to aim for “zero discharge”.

The sustainability of the approach is based on the creation of numerous means of communication, conveying the “good practices” to the population. A partnership with leading schools and the ongoing training of all the project’s actors have made it possible to disseminate the project’s ideas on sustainable development.

Criterion 2: INCLUSION

The involvement of residents remains central to the implementation of various means of consultation and communication (information space, website, municipal magazine, thematic workshop, etc.).

The strengthening of the social link between the inhabitants of the district is based on the creation of a cultural center and the search for social diversity within the housing stock.

The project is based on a functional mix that is perfectly consistent with the dimensions of the Eco-neighborhood. This mix is based on a balance between housing, economic activities, shops, cultural facilities and green spaces. The privileged location of the site offers an undeniable contribution in terms of transport. The project is served by various forms of public transport (RER and SNCF stations, buses), and favors the development of alternative means of transport such as pedibuses, bicycle racks, and soft modes of transport, which encourage commuting. Territorial development also benefits from the project’s openness to the surrounding area, and from the search for openings on different scales: on the municipal scale (link with neighboring districts) and on the departmental scale with the presence of the green corridor.

900 dwellings (67,500 m² floor area), of which 15% will be subsidized rental housing and 15% social housing.

The intergenerational link is also sought within the project through the creation of a residence adapted to the elderly. Finally, the work on the neighborhood’s atmosphere is carried out by seeking to open up the neighborhood to the surrounding areas, highlighting the natural and architectural heritage assets, and by working on the layout of the buildings in order to provide optimum light, reduce nuisance and offer a quality living environment.

Finally, the desire to reduce the use of cars within the project (promotion of alternative modes of transport, reduction of the car park, etc.) offers a qualitative contribution to the living environment proposed for future residents.

A resident’s testimony: “Mr Durand, a resident of the Docks de Ris district, is enjoying the first rays of sunshine while having lunch on the terrace with a view of the Docks lake and its green setting, classified as a sensitive natural area. With a bit of luck, he will see the grey heron diving, a species that frequents the lake. Then, taking the “garden paths”, he will cycle safely to the new nursery and the neighboring school to drop off his children. He then continues his journey to the Val de Ris RER station to reach his office in the heart of Paris in less than 35 minutes. As for his wife, she takes the 407 bus, which gives her access to the center of Evry and its facilities (university, prefecture, court, regional shopping center, etc.) in less than 15 minutes. After lunch, she enjoys a relaxing walk along the banks of the Seine, imagining one day being able to swim in the existing river swimming pool. In the early evening, the whole family meets in one of the cultural spaces located in a rehabilitated building. They reminisce about the industrial past of the area with some of the tenants of the senior citizens’ residence built in the neighborhood, before going to see an exhibition of contemporary art created by one of the artists whose studio is located in the Tour Brûlée, which was rehabilitated during the development. Back in their flat, Mr and Mrs Durand are pleased to note that their heating bill has not increased despite the regular increases in the price of electricity and gas. In addition, more than 80% of their heating and hot water production comes from renewable energy sources. When they go to bed, they are delighted with the comfort provided by their low-temperature underfloor heating.

Criterion 3: RESILIENCE

– Pollution of the site due to the former industrial activity

– Geothermal energy

– Flooding risk due to the proximity of the Seine

The preliminary study work carried out upstream of the project approach provided input for the project, thanks to feasibility studies on housing, school facilities, the energy issue (environmental analysis of energy), etc.

Criterion 4: CREATIVITY

Maintaining, extending and hosting economic, commercial and cultural activities. Residences and workshops for artists, creative spaces, and broadcasting facilities will make up the future cultural facility installed in the rehabilitated industrial buildings.

– 6,500 m² of economic and commercial activities

– 7,300 m² of public facilities

– A 36-bed nursery

– 4 new nursery classes and 9 elementary classes

The decision-making and governance process of the project is a major strength of the future Ris-Orangis Eco-neighborhood. Indeed, the project has been entrusted to the Paris Region Land and Technical Agency for its development. The latter has surrounded itself with a multi-disciplinary team, including in particular a general project management assistance on sustainable development. 

Criterion 5: POTENTIAL OF REPLICABILITY

The system is currently being deployed throughout France (metropolitan France and the overseas departments). To date, 54 solidarity land organisations (SLO) have been approved and nearly a 100 a real solidarity lease (RSL) housing units delivered (Lille, Espelette, Kremlin-Bicêtre, etc.). This dynamic is intended to grow and, by 2024, it is projected that, based on the programs identified with the SLOs approved by the Regional Directorate for the Environment, Planning and Housing  (the DREAL in French), approximately 20,000 housing units will be in SLO.

Photo-circulaire-alice

Originally from Savoie, Alice is currently studying a Master’s degree in Sustainable Territorial Development. After having focused her professional life in the tourism sector and the search for a way to reconcile tourism and environmental issues, she joined Sustainable City by France. This organisation, fully committed to the transformation of territories, allows her to discover more about sustainable city, in a theoretical way (working groups and scientific committee) but also in applied way, by territorial workshops.

See her LinkedIn profile 

Photo-circulaire-tara

Currently studying as a second-year Master’s student in International Relations at University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Tara holds a Bachelor’s degree from INALCO, with a double-major in Hindi language, and International relations / Environmental studies. Her work with us is in line with her former experiences at UNESCO and the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, thus deepening her professional expertise in the field of environmental diplomacy and international cooperation for sustainable development.

See her LinkedIn profile

Photo-circulaire-carla

She holds a Master’s degree in Development Economics from the Panthéon-Sorbonne University and is currently studying for a Master’s degree in International Relations and Action Abroad at the same university. She approaches the problems of sustainable cities and territories through these different perspectives and her international experiences.

photo-isabelana

Isabelana is a Mexican journalist who holds a Master’s degree in Digital Communication and Data Analysis from the Sorbonne University. She previously worked in communication and press relations in the cultural sector in France and Mexico. Today, she is interested in ecological actions and solutions to preserve the environment and the biodiversity.

camille-waintrop-boyon-fvd

With a background in social sciences, art history and architecture, Camille has worked in communication within the VINCI group: from major international projects to La Fabrique de la Cité, a think tank dedicated to urban foresight.

A geographer by training (Saint Petersburg State University), she started as a geographer and economist at the Academy of Agricultural Economics (Russia), before pursuing her career in France as an administrative and accounting assistant (Air Liquide, Association TGV Provence Côte d’Azur, COFHUAT, Groupe Hervé)

Trained in international and European affairs between England and France as part of a double degree at Sciences-Po Lille / University of Kent, Marion started her career in advocacy and institutional relations of non-governmental organisations, in the fair trade sector (Max Havelaar France label). Her experiences are also linked to territories, with a passage in decentralised cooperation at the level of a departmental council.

sebastien-maire

Before joining the SCbF team, he held several positions in local government management. From elected official and deputy mayor of his native city Besançon, in charge of university relations and international cooperation, to Director of Economic Development of the City of Pantin, to Chief of staff in Montreuil – where he notably piloted the in-depth redesign of the urban project towards more ecology and sustainable development – he continued his career as Senior Resilience Officer of the City of Paris.

He promotes a holistic and systemic vision of sustainable development and brings his expertise in territorial resilience, ecological and social transition.

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